Best Tips when Making the Shoot
We will explain here the general position applicable more or less to all shooters. From this general position, each shooter must make small modifications to adapt it to the physical structure of his body. It will not be the same position for a right-handed shooter whose master eye is the right posture for another whose master eye is the left. Similarly, the position for a tall, thin shooter will be somewhat different from that of a short, muscular shooter whose center of gravity will be much lower.
In general, there are three basic types of posture: The posture facing the target, the diagonal with respect to the target and the profile in white. Until a few years ago, the diagonal position with respect to the target was considered correct, even though the studies on the bony and muscular structure of the body, and even studies of physical forces showed that the correct posture should be a closer posture to the profile that to the diagonal.
The motive that was used to choose a diagonal posture was merely intuitive. The posture of the target was badly criticized, since it excessively loaded the weight on the shoulder, and in the same way a posture totally in profile was called bad because it forces the neck to a slight tension and this can make difficult to a certain extent the arrival of oxygen to the brain by pressing the carotid through the neck to bring oxygen-rich blood to the brain. A reduction in oxygen, even if small, makes it difficult to shoot.
This, however, can be true in a completely profile posture, however, the moment we add a slight angle, this problem is avoided and the base of support that gives much improved. That is, anatomical studies show that the ideal posture would be based on the profile, adding a small angle to avoid tension on the neck.
In general, the first thing a posture must fulfill is that it is comfortable and capable of being maintained for a very long period of time. Think for example of a Free Pistol Test, where we must maintain the same position for a long time without feeling tired at the end of the test.
The left hand, (or the right hand in the case of left-handed shooters), must have good support. In no case should be hanging, but will be fixed somewhere like pants, pocket pants or a side pocket in case we are using a jacket or vest.
As for the feet, within certain limits an opening is considered as good, more or less equal to the width of the shoulders, which will guarantee a good balance. The only exception for this should be the speed tests in which the feet should be a little more separated than normal to favor the turn of the waist.
The weight of the body should be well distributed between both legs, and the trunk slightly back to compensate for the weight of the weapon and at the same time relieve tension on the deltoids.
HANDLE: .- Although it is an element of great importance within the competition shot, it should not be taken to extremes that can be found in some shooters for which every mistake that is made is due to the grip.
It must be first of all comfortable, without sharp edges and capable of being handled always in the same way. Good support for the thumb is also of paramount importance. This finger should not exert any pressure, so a good support for it will avoid many of the high impacts and right that we sometimes find for no apparent reason in our targets.
The handle must be prepared in such a way that when we raise the arm, once put in the shooting position, the sights come out aligned or practically aligned. The fingers should not completely screw the stock, as this can give us some errors due to pressures at the time of the shooting.
As for the pressure that we must exert on it, it depends on each modality, so in each chapter dedicated to each of the modalities, we will talk about it separately. As a general rule it is accepted that the grip pressure on the grip is directly proportional to the pressure at which we have the trigger, so the free pistol would require much less pressure on the stock than the large caliber, although as we explained in the section of free pistol there are various theories about this.
The shot must be made in apnea. The respiratory process to make a shot would, therefore, be the following: We are with the weapon resting as we breathe normally taking care to perform an abdominal breathing, that is; by an extension of the abdomen and not only of the lungs and to inhale the air through the nose and expel it through the mouth. This breathing serves to relax us as we must not forget that abdominal breathing is the basis of all systems of relaxation and mental preparation, and at the same time we must concentrate on what we will do next, and even mentally visualizing the steps of the Shooting.
Well, once we have done enough abdominal breaths and we feel sufficiently prepared to make the shot, it is time to raise the arm, movement that should be accompanied by an air inspiration perhaps somewhat wider than the previous ones, with the elements aiming and centered we surpassed the area of the black up to drop the arm as we are expelling the air we had retained. This movement is important since the fact of lowering the arm accompanied by an expulsion of air seems to have a relaxing action on the muscles of the arm decreasing the oscillations of the same.
Some shooters consider it beneficial to take a second inspiration, this time smaller, going back over the area a bit and then drop the arm as we expel the air and put the gun in the shooting area below the black. Once there, and in apnea, we must make the shot by exerting little pressure on the trigger without any brusqueness.
Modernly it is considered that it is better to perform that apnea at half lung capacity, and not expelling all the air. In this way, once we raise the weapon with an inspiration, we must let the natural elasticity of the lungs expel the air and not try to force them to expel the maximum possible volume of air.
If once we have started the apnea the shot does not leave six to eight seconds, we must lower the arm and start the whole process again. We should not let ourselves be confused here if we see that the arm is sufficiently stopped or if we see that we have enough power of concentration to keep trying over that time. The problem is not in the muscles of the armor in the power of concentration, but mainly in the amount of oxygen that reaches the brain, and after that time does not seem able to attempt a shot with guarantees.
The configuration of the aiming elements is a matter of great importance in sports shooting. In general, a point that has more or less the apparent width of the black, depending on the stop of the shooter, can be accepted as good. A wide point will give us more security and will help us keep our eyes fixed, although it will give us less precision. When there is a lot of light it is convenient to use less gap between the point and the hikes, while in the opposite case, that is; If there is poor light, it is usually convenient to leave some more light between the point and the hikes so that we do not get too tired.
In general, the choice of the crosshairs is an issue that often depends more on the personal taste of each shooter than on anything else. It is a matter of choosing a point wide enough for us to be safe, but at the same time it does not remove precision, rather than a narrow point that will give us a lot of precision, but which will give us insecurity at the time of shooting that we have an excellent stop, and that the sight will tire us soon. In the case of a shooter that is starting, or that does not have a stop too good, we believe that a wide point is more convenient, since the security that will give us, will in many cases be superior to the precision that we will lose with it.
As for the shape of the hikes, it is also a matter of personal preference, although most of the shooters use the traditional rectangular shape, the “U” shaped sights are also used successfully. In our opinion, we believe that this type of vision is more advisable in some cases, since it indicates better if the sights are perfectly aligned with the point or not.
We must bear in mind that in the modalities of precision there are three basic operations that must be performed. The stationary weapon stop, the aim and the exit of the shot. If we had to perform these three operations separately, the success in shooting would be no secret, since our conscious mind would be responsible for performing them like a charm. However, the problem comes in the fact that these three operations have to be executed simultaneously, and our conscious mind is not able to perform more than one operation at the same time, so these operations must be performed by the subconscious. The shooter who reaches this state will achieve good results in any type of conditions,
That is to say, it would be the famous eye-finger reflex of which we have all heard at some time, and which on the other hand does not require anything special to develop.
To get this reflection, the only secret is hard and methodical training. It is advisable at the beginning to train the three elements separately, (the exercises described in the section of shooting exercises have as object a separation of these operations and then join them in the subconscious).
At the beginning, therefore, we will begin to train with exercises dedicated to reducing the oscillations of the arm, and to achieve something similar to perfect immobility, then, once we have succeeded in reducing arm oscillations, we will begin to work on the output of the shot. At the beginning we will not take much care of the position of the weapon, but we will concentrate on exerting the correct pressure on the trigger to record it in our mind.
Once this exercise is mastered, the shooter will start shooting in a polygon, but without taking care to count the points he is getting, but to make the whole process as perfect as possible.
An element that we must take into account here is that when we have a perfect stop the shot will not occur, and hence the stubbing of the index finger precisely when we are better stopping. This is because the order to trigger the trigger reaches the finger by means of a nervous impulse, and if we have a perfect stop, we are inhibiting the nerve centers receiving the finger, and to shoot we must activate them with what if we want to impose it we will send a harmful influence for the rest of the arm causing movements that sometimes we do not know where they come from.
The whole problem is that with the stop we get a passive balance, and at the time of shooting we need an active balance, so the body can not break that situation without sudden movements, hence the firing methods called “high performance” “in the free pistol section.
Once the projectile has left the barrel, the firing process has not yet finished, but the weapon must be kept in position for about two seconds. This serves to prevent low shots due to premature relaxation of the muscles of the arm, and also help us identify the point of impact of the projectile and the mistakes we may have made once we have mastered this operation.
Competition is the culminating part of the shooter’s training. This is where we will really see if the training system we were using was the right one, and if we really prepared well for it. It is very common to find a large number of shooters who at the end of a competition put a large number of excuses for their result. The results do not lie, to a bad result you have to look for reasons, not excuses, in addition you do not have to apologize to anyone for having achieved a result inferior to what we could have achieved. Instead of looking for an apology, we must calmly analyze what has happened and try to avoid it for the next time, but calmly, if we eliminate that feeling of guilt from our heads, we will avoid many troubles in our sporting journey.
The schedule of competitions must be well prepared, planning well the most important competitions to make a special preparation for them, since it is not possible to be perfectly trained throughout the year, and taking care to add a small break after the competition to not “burn”.
Once in the competition, the first series should not be excessively long, since it is simply a matter of correcting the weapon, not of heating, it should not be forgotten that the warm-up must have already taken place before the start of the test. It is not convenient to look at the first shots of the test target, if we look at them one by one, it is possible that if we make a high shot to the next unconsciously we aim a little lower to compensate, we must instead shoot four or five shots without looking the point of impact, and then look at the target to see the grouping. Many shooters consider that it is convenient not to leave any kind of rest between the test and the first series.
We must bear in mind that the first shot of the first series has a special psychological importance, we must try to do it with great interest. In general the whole first series has great importance, it is next to the last one, which accumulates the most tension, and the final result will depend to a certain extent on it. It is often said that if the first series is good the roll can be good, but if the first series is bad, the result will be at best mediocre. This becomes a reality in a very high number of cases: If the first series is good, we already have points earned on our average, which is much more relaxed and the roll will have many more chances of being good. On the other hand, if the first series is bad, when going with lost points, tension accumulates, and unintentionally we tend to sink,
The rhythm of shooting must vary according to the conditions, in theory it should be similar to the one we perform in training, but in practice tension makes us pull more slowly in competitions, so we must be careful with the time not to rush at the end of the roll. As a general rule, it seems that when we are shooting well we shoot fast and the shot goes easy, and on the contrary when we have difficulties we tend to shoot a lot more slowly. You can not give an ideal shot rate for everyone, since each shooter is different, and therefore he himself will have to look for his particular rhythm.
There are some shooters, it is even written in some books, which recommend not looking through the spyglass during the shooting, or looking as little as possible. This in our opinion is wrong, you should look at each shot, or almost all, and point the point of impact of each of them, to be able to see the group and study it later, and thus be able to detect possible systematic errors that we may be committing . As much you can stop looking at the fifth shot of each series for example, although we believe that you should aim each and every one of the shots, since the referees are also human, and although it is rare because they usually do their job well, too they can be wrong, and a point can cost us a championship. If we do not have someone behind us pointing the roll,
One method among the many possible that could be used is to mark on a pneumatic target the exact position of each shot with a pin, so that at the end of the shot, if we look at the light we will see the grouping of the whole roll.
Some shooters use a similar method that consists of nailing a fathead pin at the exact point of each shot. In addition, each pin would have a different color depending on the series to which it corresponds. For example, the first series could have a yellow head, a second green etc. However, this method has the drawback that it is much more bulky than before and that it can not be archived and stored with previous runs as in the previous case where only a small pneumatic target is stored, in which we will have the information not only of the points we have obtained, but also the grouping of the roll, number of shots in each ring etc.
You can also have at hand a box with two compartments, in one of them we will put one pellet or a pebble for every ten that we put, and in the other we will do the same for every eight that we do, (if it is a seven, two pellets will be inserted. and so on), so that at the end of the run we can know the points made by the difference between the two compartments.
In general, any shooter putting a little imagination can devise the procedure that best suits you, since the possibilities are nothing short of limitless.
We must not forget the other enemy public number one of the shooters during the competition: The last series. This series has a vital importance, and especially the last shot. Almost all of us have experienced the tension of being in the first place, at any level or breaking a record and not being able to get the last shot. When this happens, we should try to forget that it is the last shot and the first place we are going to get and try to act as if it were one more shot. Above all do not rush, you have to try to wait for that shot without losing patience until the shooting conditions are optimal, and then shoot.